/ The Womb
/ Energy Landscape
In certain of the universe, all manners observed to be surrounded by dust species, creating a spherical shape that by centrifugal force has been emerging in to infinity. This accumulation from formation of the universe to even smallest atoms in the world shows the processes of universe’s development. The appearance of the earth and organisms living has been changing in the future.
World constitution demonstrates atomic contribution form macrocosm’s procreation in to microcosm’s reproduction. Though the world we experience every day is built of atoms, we rarely see direct evidence of the discreteness of matter’s constituents and we observe interactions between objects-their statics and dynamics. The system suggests an evolutionary development that provides dynamic behaviour of living construction. The processes discovering not only physical gestures, however it has been generating through mental and sensational aspects. The contribution digests entire world emergence.
Evolutions in nature also consists atomic variation from wide range of activities and theories. Explanation of such processes as gravity and magnetism posing considerable challenges to the ingenuity of the earlier atomists. They are the basic cause of natural forces in which creates fundamental attitudes of production. The overall structure of idea designing to serve its principal ethical goals that concerning every aspect of the system, from the speed of atoms in a void to the origin of optical illusions. Following taxis between atomic configuration and voidance constitution demonstrate elastic desire to construct our artificial environment.
There is a description of nature based on atomic materialism, and a naturalistic account of evolution, from the formation of the world to the emergence of human societies. The question is how we could approach some how to differentiate and control natural dynamic evolution? Human unconsciously has been negotiated through alternative experiences and various exercises to conciliate natural phenomena. They have been using Architecture as a tool to facilitate living condition, provide an environmental intelligence in order to engineering surrounding context. Based on huge amount of possibility to explore architectural manner, in this phrase it has much emphasized on relationship between natural metabolic systems as a nature principle and technological transformation through possible elasticity.
Nature has wearing infinite amount of metabolic state in order to regenerate itself, as well as conception that yield the law of engagements. The connection required particular friction under specific condition in order to nee means of being. The process is an understanding of miraculous stage of development as a tiny aggressive fertilize egg become a creature, and creatures creating objects to live with. The question is why we reproduce our selves and the way we do? And why the future has been written in the womb that there is no way to back? We are captivated by miracle of birth, which led synergetic tension for sex and growth. The role of sex (dubious), marriage (essential), and reflection on the nature of various meteorological and planetary phenomena demonstrates process of intellectual world’s development. The evolution demonstrates dynamic contribution between one living system and another. This communication consists not only objective generation, however it could be applied in subjective transition as well. Accustomed space forms informational gap that create bifurcated functions between organism, its environment and entire existed nature. There is a relationship between all natural organisms in which positioning two addressees together to generating physical or whether emotional metaphors in living system. Alteration in spatial organisation can even simply apply just as a conversation in an objective arrangement.
This metaphorically can be transformed in to a womb as an internal and external enclosure space in our surrounding nature. Individual atom and relation to the womb can isolate by intensive gravitation. Magnetic concentration from atomic level to even a simple conversation (we let things to grow by inserting different ideas in specific context) passing procedures to metabolise an environment.
It is the set of chemical reaction that occur in living organism in order to maintain the life. These processes called Metabolism that allow organism to grow and reproduce, maintain their structures and response to their environment. Architecture is on the cusp of systematic changes, driven by the dynamic of nature that digests new means of production. The entire relation between atomic evolution (organism) and natural living system (utopian city) as a dynamic regulation (Metabolism to Metapolis) justifies the world rural attitude in which architecture as an instrument creates dynamical connection between them. It is needless to say that the key concept "Metabolism" is one of the most fundamental concepts in the Principle of Life. Steering away from such words as “ Green ‘ ecological’ or sustainable, they make us think about the word “ Metabolism “ from afresh as, the relationship between atomistic configuration, organism and their environment.
The new emphasis on Metabolic and atomic studies demonstrates a potential, not as a greater natural metabolism but starts to suggest what this might offer the end user in terms of intensified spatial experiences and architectural performance.
Eventually the term Metabolism was developed into the concept of Metamorphosis, which was concerned with changes in physical form and structure of cities that could respond to the needs of a dynamic society. In 1959 a group of Japanese architects and city planners joined forces under the name the metabolist. Their vision of a city of the future inhabited by a mass society was characterized by large scale, flexible and extensible structures that enable an organic growth process. Metabolist manifesto was a collection of divergent of viewpoints about the future of architecture and urban design. In their view the traditional laws of form and function were obsolete. Adaptability to change was the basic in gradient common to all Metabolist projects. They believed that the laws of natural space and functional transformation held the future for society and culture.
To develop a building system that “could cope with the problems of our rapidly changing society, and at the same time maintain stabilized human lives”. To the Japanese architects who adopted the name, it meant creating a dynamic environment that could live and grow by discarding its outdated parts and regenerating newer and more viable elements. An example is Yamanashi Press and Radio Centre in Kofu (1961-7). It has solid, static service towers, which hold the lifts and give structural support. But the horizontal decks are interchangeable and can be clipped on or removed. So the overall form is changeable.
Unlike the architecture of the past, contemporary architecture must be changeable, moveable and capable of meeting the changing requirements of the contemporary age. In order to reflect dynamic reality, what is needed is not a fixed, static function, but rather one, which is capable of undergoing metabolic changes. These are like changes in the human body, so it’s a metaphor. The building becomes mechanized in almost biological way.
However natural environment has already got dynamic aspect, we just needed to differentiate? This is only possible by creating abstract model of knowledge on nature to direct and some how to block the processes of interchanging metabolism. Quiet a few architectural projects has built base on natural metabolism in relate to architectural design rather than the means and the metaphor behind. Thus majority issued on proportional studies as a reference to nature. Alternative movement of technology and science in latest decades has confronted us with many fascinating ecological approach under study of metabolism.
There is potential to translate language of microscopic interrelation in to environmental context to articulate new spatial organization. In early 70s this idea has interpreted by some architects in which the quality has not convinced in terms of long-term performance. It has much sense of poetic perception rather than self-adoptable structure. This exactly can be manifest in a similar thing that achieved at the Nakagin Capsule Tower in Tokyo (1972). Designed by Kisho Kurokawa. It consists of individual flats each in a pre-formed box or capsule (void), which are then plugged into the superstructure to form this tower. Each capsules facilitated base on pre organized and desired trajectory to create an internal sequence of behavior. In the case of compound spaces that are completely at rest and designed to do so, the resultant of internal atomic motions (human habitation) is constantly low and relative. The vibration only performs in an individual cells rather than have greater ability to engage to central super core, however the circular windows on each capsules interpreted not just for the sake of an internal space and window as an architectural elements. It is much anticipates by the fact that, as well as Photosynthesis of plants that absorb energy light in to ecological systems. In these vibrational processes, surrounding condition such as climate changing has to be considered through an internal bigger core to manipulate craved metabolism.
Dynamic relationship between people and the build environments required per formative structural capacity in order to maintain perpetual systematic life. Tange’s plan for Tokyo proposes an alternative to the uncontrolled expanding metropolis. It called for an “information and communication” network capable of growth and change through the extension of parallel loops forming an extended spine that stretched from the Imperial palace, in central Tokyo, across Tokyo Bay, to the suburbs of Chiba Prefecture. It was generated by the desire to structure the haphazard building and industrial growth, which was rapidly engulfing the countryside. Performative structural capacity provides a strong communication in terms of social interaction that metabolising future possibilities. Architectural metabolism not only rising itself by structural performance but also suggests a potential in performative activities as well.
A synergetic employment of performance with integral design solutions wills renders an alternative model for architectural metabolism. Therefore; transition in language of natural digestive system in to architectural performance propose breathable build environment. The focus is on per formative dynamic system thus that structural and spatial organisations between them provide ecological formation in future environmental constitution.
Performance in architecture also has been one of the most controversial issues for better communal activities and cultural transformation. In order to achieve the highest level of interaction and communication under subject of architectural performance we need to understand more on fundamental attitude of nature constitution.
Architecture performs it self in surrounding context and dynamics of natural metabolisms suggests an agenda for the development of metabolic morphologies of buildings and cities. In city morphologies, the designation of spatial organisation constructs the living system as an exact metaphor, a metaphor chosen from right metabolism. In the natural world, form and metabolism have a very different relationship. There is an intricate choreography of energy and material that determines the morphology of living forms, their relation to each other, and which drives the self-organisation of populations and ecological systems.
Ecological and morphological transformations as a new tool can engineering today’s cities in terms of wide range of architectural transformations. As well as individual spatial categories that links communal spaces to provide possibility to celebrate new means of transportation. The development of increasingly abstract means of communication, allows the population greater mobility and providing information.
In order to generate spontaneous design solution for our future social and cultural transformation, we need to versatile existed metabolism. This only possible by our intellectual knowledge of nature and by using ingenious design strategy to integrates natural phenomena. Show tsunami image.
All living forms must acquire energy and materials from their environment, and transform this matter and energy within their bodies to construct their tissues, to grow, to produce and to survive. Morphology of living forms has a dynamical aspect, which we deal with the interpretation as a living system. Morphology and metabolism are intricately linked through the processing of energy and material that occurs at all levels from the molecular to the intricate dynamics of ecological system. Biological aspect display an internal material articulation across many scales of magnitude, ranging from the molecular to the macro-structure, that is shown, from hierarchplants system to the global form of an organism in to even typological formations of a city.
If a structure vertically grows (like body of tree) the quantity of internal core’s performance will dramatically increase because of up direction of gravity. As the structure goes horizontally (tree’s branches) it will be much surrendered by gravitation, therefore, less performance will activate then it could present crops of processes of metabolism. There is also a relationship between energy, life span and body mass, small organisms are typically more metabolically active larger organism, so bigger organism live longer than small organisms. In spatial organization in an architectural context required metabolic arrangements to articulate better interaction and interaction again develops by coherent gravitation and then a motion. At least, to the earth, which may have an average motion of its own. If so, and if for some reason the earth's motion is slower in a downward direction than that of objects on or near its surface and hence sinks more slowly in the surrounding atomic medium, like a falling leaf then we can explain as well why things like an apple tend to fall from tree to the earth's surface when let go.
This is also can be manifest and explore through metabolic plant system. The pattern of veins for the movement of fluids within the leaf varies across the species, but the rate of flow of water through the tree is controlled by the leaf arrays. Fluidity of atomic particle are also controlled by plant’s stomata, so transpiration by a central core exchange the particle through branching system. Hydraulic branching networks of streams and river systems performing exact behavior of plant’s natural interactions but with different scale and condition, therefore transportation network of fluids required structural support. In this fully integrated morphologies from branching networks of vessels that extend through out the plant and from the streams systems along on the surfaces can be a principle study of future city metabolism. Aspects of environment would require frequent change and which would be long lasting. The infrastructure or skeleton is made up of highways, bridges, and communication channels as well as the physical structural frame, which can accept a variety of interchangeable spatial components. By incorporating elements of space, speed and drastic change in the physical environment, we created a method of structuring having elasticity and changeability.
All organisms must not only capture and produce energy, they must also transport it and all form of life founded by morphology of branching network. New instrument and spatial organization for future buildings and cities are essential; the study of natural metabolism commences with their architecture. The architecture and material organization of a system for capturing, transforming and transporting energy, must be on the higher level of systematic changes.
The issue is not just simply justifying biological growth, however it’s articulating and engineering a city through technological aspects. Creates an intelligent based on natural and ecological constitution, further more it would also generating a culture through anisotropic dimensions of political requirements. By differentiating morphological processes in a specific condition we are transforming new territory that led to provide dynamic behaviour for better cultural activities.
Form and behaviour emerge from process consists of a complex series of exchanges between the organism and its environment. Furthermore, the organism has a capacity for maintaining its continuity and integrity by changing aspects of its behaviour. Form and behaviour have an intricate relationship. The form of an organism affects its behaviour in the environment, and a particular behaviour will produce different results in different environments, or if performed by different forms in the same environment. The mathematician and philosopher whitehead argued that process rather than substance was the fundamental constituent of the world, and that nature consists of patterns of activity interacting with each other. Organisms are boundless of relationships that maintain themselves by adjusting their own behaviour in anticipation of changes to the patterns of activity all around them.
All biological organisms and many natural nonliving systems are maintained by the flow of energy through the system. The pattern of energy flow is subject to many small variations, which are adjusted by ‘feedback’ from the environment to maintain equilibrium, but occasionally there is such an amplification that the system must reorganise or collapse. A new order emerges from the chaos of the system at the point of collapse. The reorganization creates a more complex structure with the higher flow of energy through it, and is in turn more susceptible to fluctuations and subsequent collapse or reorganization. The tendency of self-organised’ system to ever – increasing complexity, and of each reorganisation to be produced at the moment of the collapse in the equilibrium of systems extends beyond the energy relations of an organism and its environment. It will be evolutionary development in general emerges from dynamic systems.
It is axiomatic in contemporary architecture that whole metabolic system increase in complexity, and that in natural evolution systems emerge in increasing complexity, from cells to multicellular organisms, from humans to society and culture.
System theory argues that the concepts of organisation in natural systems are independent of the domain of any one particular system, and contemporary design tends to concentrate on’ complex adoptive systems’ that are self-regulating. What is common to both is the study of organisation, its structure and function. Complexity theory formalises the mathematical structure of the process of systems from which complexity emerges. It focuses on the effects produces by the collective behaviour of many simple units that interact with each other, such as atoms, molecules or cells. The complex is heterogeneous, with many varied parts that have multiple connections between them, and different parts behave differently, although they are not independent. Complexity increases when the variety (distinction) and dependency (connection) of parts increases. The process of increasing variety is called differentiation, and the process of increasing the number of connection is called integration and evolution produces differentiation.
In order to appreciate precedence technical and socio-economic forces we need to materialise natural ecological transformation in to artificial living system. Materialisation in this stage considering fundamental changes in to natural characteristic sources and materials as an instrument can articulate new modes of cultural habitation.
A central concern of architecture as a material practice is the way in which built and natural environments interact to provide exciting and sustainable modes of habitation. Key to this is the way in which material performance is understood and instrumentalised towards contextual behaviour. Our built environment made up by materials, different characteristic performance, and their interaction with the dynamics of the environment they are embedded within results in the specific condition we live in.
In order to provide a system that control material performance we need to understand more on specific geographical elements. They have one or several properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled way by external stimuli, such as natural force, temperature, relative humidity and so on. This required vary investigations on characteristic enclosure zone in which anticipates diversity approaches. The issue is to verify and regulate conditions under influence of mutation, however in stage of higher level of performance in material characteristic we need to interfere in to technological aspect that today’s architecture experiencing it by different mediums to achieve specific function to response particular condition.
Dimensional change of material also changes the environmental conditions by reducing and neutralising, its effect stabilisation and compensation. On the other hand variability and responsiveness could become a desired characteristic, then differentiation of material make-up across several scale of magnitude would be the same attitude as spatial organisation across architectural responses.
In parallel, technology and science explores an opportunity to provide a system that can guide the way of metabolic shores to suggest outstanding new habitudinal and cultural transformation.
A number of architects today are working toward creating dynamic buildings that adapt to changing environmental conditions and levels of occupancy, almost as if they were living organisms. Facades and their permeability have been privileged areas of experimentation. Neri Oxman’s concept of a “breathings” skin for buildings is realized with a latex membrane applied on an adjustable mould. The Eyes Of The Skin is a first step toward designing sufficient, self-regulating buildings that will adapt to shifts in light, pollution, and movement, among other variables.
The project explores the notion of material organization as it is informed by structural and environmental performance: a continuous tiling system is differentiated across its entire surface area to accommodate for a range of conditions accommodating for light transmission, heat flux, and structural support. The surface is thickened locally where it is structurally required to support itself, and modulates its transparency according to the light conditions of its hosting environment. Tiles are assembled, as a continuum comprised of multiple resin types - rigid and/or flexible. Each tile is designed as a structural composite representing the local performance criteria as manifested in the mixtures of resin.
There is an intricacy in the interchange of ideas and techniques between the disciplines of biology, physical chemistry and mathematics. They are separate, almost discrete but overlapping, and the boundaries between them are in determinate. The originating concepts and the subsequent development of future societies are founded in these interchanges.
The architecture of Neo-classicism has emerged out of two different but radically transformed relationship between man and nature. First dimension is man capacity that exercise control over nature. Basically the idea moved from Renaissance interpretation that human as a central axis of thought and their entire relation to surrounding nature. Second logical dimensions were fundamental shift in the nature of human consciousness that provided major changes in societies. New cultural formation required technological changing which increase productive capacity and change in human consciousness. By the conscious we are experiencing surrounding condition philosophically.
PHILOSOPHICAL AND PHENOMENATICAL INTERPRETATION
Physical theory of Epicurus the Greek ancient philosopher held that the elementary constituents of nature are undifferentiated matter, in the form of discrete, solid and indivisible particle (atoms) below the threshold of perception, plus empty space. Freestanding entities of infinite void (minima) could have no edges, and so no shapes, or rather would be all edge: thus, if two minima touched, they would wholly overlap. (The same argument applies to points in a line, which is why a line contains points but is not composed of them). Further, if atoms really are conceptually indivisible, and not just physically unsplittable, then when two atoms pass by each other it is impossible that they should at any time be only partway along the length of the atom, which contradicts the premise that it is a minimum. It is apparent that a strict conception of minimal-sized atoms entails that motion too must consist of discontinuous quanta; and if motion, then time.
Discontinuity of atoms, motion and time has been unpredictable infinite, therefore undiscovered void has to be specified by human’s metaphor in order to reorganise and structuralize metabolic contribution. This is why human inevitably has been trying to territorialize their environments to deal with natural phenomena and by architecture as a tool incrementing environmental condition. As human being and their nature of born and death, unconsciously they believing that there is starting point and ending point in any aspect of life, therefore in terms of the time (also created by them selves), they started to create their architectural visions always base on metaphorical perception, that’s why we have encountered with vary geometrical shapes in architecture in order to configure the relationship between space (void) and time. However, territorization required an understanding in geographical conditions such as meteorology and geology from miraculous stage of atomic constitution to later phenomenal responsiveness in which to direct or to block dynamic situation. The process also helps to configure future society in terms of political issues and cultural aspects.
Atoms can never slow down; the universe can never come to a halt (in modern terms, there is no loss of energy). As for gravity, If an atom just on its own cannot slow down or alter its direction of motion, then an atom that is rising or moving in an oblique direction cannot at some point begin to tilt or fall, unless something blocks its progress and forces. To block is not necessarily means to stop the force, is about new direction. If, however, after a collision atoms tended to emerge in a statistically favored direction that is, if the motions of all atoms after collisions did not cancel each other out but on average produced a vector, however small, in a given direction, then that direction would by definition be down.
In this vector, gravitation is almost immaterial, which means atomic organization has sculpted by the same force as gravitation moves. Although there will be nothing obvious or self evidence about the notion of versatility or vicissitude in natural environment, however the dynamical evolution can only be realized through existence layers of development. One of the most magnificent natural phenomena is a Glacier. By the time surface of the earth under goes constant changes. In this never ending process, forces created by wind or water erode the land in one place and deposit it elsewhere due to the pull of gravity. The physical features of a terrain represent the distribution and magnitude of the forces that have brought it about. These elements embody the complex relations between physical matters in its given environment and denote its subterranean force field.
The absence of a global orientation in the universe was thus immaterial. Due to this vector, any given world will, like our own, be similarly oriented in respect to gravitation. Macroscopic objects, of course, do not move at a uniform and very great speed; the atoms within them do, but their motions are restricted and deflected by neighboring atoms, and so they vibrate. The yielded trajectory by gravitation demonstrates existence atomic condition.
It is not proceed by creating an abstract model, exploring its internal coherence, and determining its applicability to phenomena, in the ideal manner of modern science. Rather, we begin with the testimony of the senses, which they are always reliable. Its argue that things cannot arise out of nothing, since otherwise there would be no need of specific seeds for specific plants and animals, and anything whatsoever could be generated out of just any types of material elements. Since this is not seen to happen, but reproduction in things we can observe with our senses is in fact orderly and determinate, spontaneous generation at any level is ruled out. The logic is what Epicurus calls counterwitnessing: a hypothetical premise (here, that things sometimes arise out of nothing) is eliminated because experience tells against its conclusion (here, that the coming into being of visible objects does not require determinate seeds or materials).
As for body and void as the basic physical principles, the senses, testify to the existence of bodies, and by calculation on the basis of the senses we infer the nature of what is invisible, for example the atoms. Here the reasoning is based on analogy: what is evident to our senses must be true on the microscopic level as well, at least in some respects. Void must exist, in turn, if bodies are to be able to move, as they are seen to do. Thus motion is the counterwitness to the non-existence of void — an indirect argument is required since one cannot perceive empty space. What is more, since body, being “full,” offers resistance and void, being empty, offers no resistance, they complement each other and exhaust the possibilities; as positive and negative spaces in architecture also hence it is impossible to conceive of anything besides these two principles, apart from things that are accidents of them — accidents that arise from unions of elementary bodies in the void. These elementary bodies, then, are the atoms, which are indivisible and inalterable, if things are not to dissolve into nothingness.
Epicurus appeals to some elementary intuitions concerning bodies and their movement through space in order to establish the structure of imperceptibly natural functioned, he concludes that these must be inalterable if nature is not to dissolve into nothing (creation back out of nothing having already been eliminated by the argument cited above from regularity in generation); and the basic features of the atomic system are then in place.
Maki (Japanese Architect, member of metabolist group) more concerned with space the relation ship of solid to void. He considered how people might react to an urban environment and using Golgi’s idea, considered how multipolar nerve centres in the city have the ability to establish connections with other centres. From these observations he developed his Golgi structures, which he explains, “ show interior space of a building can be conceived as a direct function of certain order of preconceived exterior spaces, which first serve as the generators of the interior spaces, and become eventually the interior space themselves.
In the models that Maki created, he began by designing the voids in the city structure. Most people perceive the urban environments as masses of buildings (solids), while the streets, courtyards, parks and alleys (voids) occur as leftover space. Maki began instead by designing a hierarchy of urban spaces. This preconceived exterior void took the form of cylinders and cones in his highly abstract models. As the built environment developed, the solids began to fill in the areas around these voids, so that the exterior spaces evolved into large urban rooms with qualities of interior public spaces. The various elements of the Golgi structures include: a communication space containing vertical transit, energy distribution and mechanical systems; a light membrane defined by a skin of light-absorbing cells; and specific spaces generated by the voids. The idea of Maki’s Golgi was to design typological city that interaction within interior and exterior under goes each other and almost represents dynamic relationship between infinity of space and time.
A similar appeal to the senses establishes the infinity of the universe, since what is finite must have an edge, and an edge is conceived in reference to something beyond it. But the universe contains everything, and so there is nothing outside it by which to conceive an edge. Hence, it is infinite. And if the all is infinite, so are the void and the number of atoms as well. Designation of such philosophical explanation provides intellectual theories to emerge space and time.
Having established the physical basis of the world, Epicurus proceeds to explain the nature of the soul. This too, of course, consists of atoms: first, there is nothing that is not made up of atoms and void (secondary qualities are simply accidents of the arrangement of atoms), and second, an incorporeal entity could neither act on nor be moved by bodies, as the soul is seen to do (e.g., it is conscious of what happens to the body, and it initiates physical movement). Soul atoms are particularly fine and are distributed throughout the body and it is by means of them that we have sensations and experience. Body without soul atoms is unconscious and inert, and when the atoms of the body are disarranged so that it can no longer support conscious life, the soul atoms are scattered and no longer retain the capacities for sensation.
ELASTICITY IN HUMAN MIND
Adaptability is an ancestral distinction of human intelligence, but today’s instant variations in rhythm call for something stronger: elasticity. The by-product of adaptability and acceleration, elasticity is the ability to negotiate change and innovation without letting them interfere excessively with one’s own rhythms and goals. It means being able to embrace progress, understanding how to make it our own. One of design most fundamental tasks is to help people deal with change.
The goal is to facilitate as seamless a movement as possible from fast to slow, virtual to physical, cerebral to sensual, automatic to manual, dynamic to static, mass to niche, global to local, organic to inorganic, and proprietary to common, to mention just a few couplings. This is exactly following the rule of marriage transformation.
Indeed, in the past few decades, people have coped with dramatic changes in several long-standing relationships-for instances, with time, space, information, and individuality. We must contend with abrupt changes in scale, distance, and pace, and our minds and bodies need to adapt to acquire the elasticity necessary to synthesize such abundance.
It is the Elastic mind-with the flexibility and strength to embrace progress and to harness it, that is the best suited to confront this world of seemingly limitless challenges and possibilities. The emphasis on scale in design, from dazzlingly large to the infinitesimally small, has its antecedents in the influential 1968 film Power of Ten, by Charles and Ray Eames. Science seeks to encompass the dimensions of the time and space from the microcosmic to macrocosmic of Power of Ten and beyond. Yet for most of us, scale is a prison. We see our world in feet and inches, meters and centimetres so obviously what ever has been designed in the world are based on self-regulated dimensions. Design mentality emerging scale and time together and connecting it self to wide range of activities that yet no one has experienced.
The recurrence of such visual motifs suggests persuasively that a design mentality may be helpful in comprehending the miniature three-dimensional world of microorganisms and molecules. Perhaps we can have something to say about the peculiar inside-out spatial realm that it may be convenient to use, about the x-dimensional extent of space and time. One of the magnificent devices has ever created is AMOEBA. It shows how science and technology engaged in such a way that can control liquid environmental daemons such as forces, surface tensions, gravity, and so on. Is capable to present particular depth and wave, which some how can provide fluid spatial organisation in side it as well.
The AMOEBA, or Advanced Multiple Organized Experimental Basin, was originally built to evaluate the effects of waves on ship designs. It is a circular basin about the size of an inflatable children’s pool. Using fifty plunger like mechanical units installed along its rim, AMOEBA can produce a variety of wave conditions and then calm the water’s surface on command. When waves in various frequencies converge, the water’s surface rises at specific points; b connecting these points, lines and shapes can be drawn.
It would be great to be able to do chemistry with precision for a change, building desired molecules atom by atom rather than throwing together large quantities of reactants and leaving the entire organisation to chemical forces out side our control. This was the seed of nanotechnology. Nanotechnology has potential to radically alter our built environment and could dramatically alter the nature of building enclosure and the way our buildings relate to environment and user.
It brings with it enormous questions, concerns and consequences. It raises hopes and fears in every aspect of our lives—social, economic, cultural, political, and spiritual. Yet its potential to transform our built environment remains largely unexplored. Such designs are evidence of a shift away from the machine and towards organism as cultural metaphor. New technologies enabled investigation of regions invisible to the naked eye, further removing the scientific from the daily realm.
The difficulties only multiply when we try to perceive the world far smaller than this. They do so because, confusingly, while some of the normal rules of nature continue to apply in microcosm, other apparently fundamental qualities, such as colour or gravity, seem to apply no longer, and bizarre new rules may even come to the force in their place. There will be no longer self-desired design for our future environment. It will entail by scientifical and technological experiments to reorganising progress of metabolic flow from atomic level to even macrocosm scale. Human knowledge from nature as intelligence provides a system, which would be able to configure whole dynamical changes from physical to mental aspects.
This approach to design seeks to adapt specific advantages observed in natural organisms into human technology, but the polemical subtext of any design inspired nature is that we are in danger of losing touch with natural world. It pleads of the biological, the technological, and the ethical to come together. That would be unity of knowledge, If the world really works in a way so as to encourage the concilience of knowledge, I believe the enterprise of culture will eventually fall out into science, by which I mean the natural sciences, the humanities, and particularly Architecture as it self.
1: Authors: Dr. Matthias Delbruck(Physics, Technology), Dr. Gurdun Hoffmann ( Biology ), Dr. Martin Krause (Chemistry, Technology ), Ute Kleinelumern (Earth, Biology), The Science Book, 2008, Washington, National Geographic Society.
2: Michael Franklin, Beyond Metabolism, 1978, New York, published by Architectural Record, A McGraw-hill Publication.
3: Kenneth Frampton, Modern Architecture ( a critical history ), 1980, United Kingdom, Thames & Hudson Ltd, London.
4: Windsor Chorlton, Inside the Body, 2004, London, Cassel Illustrated, a division of Octopus Group Limited.
5: Michael Hensel and Achim Menges, Versatility and vicissitude, 2008, Italy, Architectural Design (AD), Conti Tipocolor.
6: Michael Weinstock, Emergence: Morphogenetic Design Strategies, 2004, London, Wiley Academy, a division of John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
7: Christopher C. M. Lee and Sam Jacoby, Typological Formations: Renewable Building Types And The City, 2007, Belgium by Cassochrome.
8: Architectural Association and the Authors, AA BOOK, projects review, 2007, London, AA publication.
9: Glenn D. Lowry and Barry Bergdoll, Design and The Elastic Mind, 2008, New York, The Museum of Modern Art.
10: Epicurus, Physical and theatrical of atoms and senses.
THE WOMB, Ashkan Sadeghi, JAN/2009, 3 Yr Interior and Spatial Design, Final Thesis.
History and Theory Tutor: Peter Beardsell
Mankind was created for the perfection of nature and the works of them as manipulative activities to nature creates artificial landscapes that inform particular way of habitation through specific natural condition. The landscape of the world have been as much shaped by the history of human activity that played a significant role in shaping the ecology of all the natural systems of the world, of the living species and of the physical systems of the landscape, the oceans and atmosphere.
Nature has no normal or fixed state but is a continuing series of changing landscapes and climates, and that humans change natural environment and developing living condition. Humans have extensively modified the landscape and climatic system of the world by involving themselves through constant changing matter of nature, and create time line historical developments of culture, civilization and also religion. Each cannot be separated unless any parts of energy in geography of the landscape change.
A different type of energies that produces by landscape provides potential tools for improving human capabilities to make the nature do work for them. Originating in physics, the concept of energy has been appropriated by economics as the ability “to make nature do work” and the subsequent production of exchangeable values.
Landscape is not a primary or mutable datum upon which energy is organized: it does not exist beyond or prior to the geometrical organization of territories, or the residue of material life; it does not “contain” the detritus of social processes, nor it is a “construct” of those processes. Rather landscape is for us today particular way in which our energetic perceptual order controls over earth’s surface.
The modernist quest to tame,1 control, and discipline nature has been described as “modernity’s Promethean project.” According to Aeschylus (c430 BC), Prometheus, literally meaning “ the one who foresees” stole fire from the gods and brought it to the human world, turning humans “from savages to men”. More than twenty centuries later, the enlightenment found in the same mythological figure the cultural icon of modern hero, the one man who would stand alone against nature. Producing a spatial outlet for enlightenment ideas, modernist engineering launched a crusade to recruit nature in the service of humankind and economic development. The engineer became the modern Prometheus, the hero who promised to deliver human emancipation from nature by mobilizing a mixture of imagination, creativity, ingenuity, romantic attitude, and touch hubris against the given order of the world.
The idea of landscape is comprehensible as a kind of energetic object- that the innumerable relations contained with specific field are reducible to a shared and quantifiable energetic basis; that the “mass of things are creatures in the external world” necessarily entertain visible, calculable association-is of course neither purely “natural” fact nor merely a social or technical construct. It is instead a remarkably diverse and inclusive onto logical platform, whose recent historical coalescing has entailed the reorganization of geographic and environmental thought around a vast discourse of energy made available during the nineteenth century. Ultimately, the emergence of this platform, which has constituted a remarkably rapid becoming energetic of the landscape, is quite inseparable from a series of transformation within geographic perception itself-inseparable within very act of perceiving the surface of the earth at scale of territories and populations.
At the intersection of human and nonhuman, a resource necessarily “becomes” rather than “is”, as it’s require a large technical system of exploration, production and distribution. Along with material geographies, representations are foundational to the development of the relation of space and energy.
Energy needs space. It exploits space as a resource, a site of production, a transportation channel, an environmental for consumption, and a place for capital accumulation. Whether oil pipelines, dams, solar panels, desalination plants, or wind parks, all industrial energy systems deploy space, capital, and technology to construct their geographies of power and inscribe their technological order as a mode of organization of social, economic, and political relations.
Landscapes of energy are portals2, wormhole between two worlds in which time and space work differently. Underground lies a world of “natural production”, the deep time processes beyond human control that create fundamental changes on earth’s surface which articulate human activities as well as culture and civilization. The highest-quality concentration of natural resources provides massive ecological advantage to modern social life. Aboveground and freed from geological fixity, energy is thrown into a tumultuous world of “social production”, a surface world of mobility and change where “ the quality of space, as well as that of time, is asymptomatically reduced to zero by the annihilation of space and time.
Extraction is a primal pursuit, a business of wresting raw materials from the earth that can be converted into value. The acts of digging and drilling-and the materiality’s of the hole as a space of labour-encapsulate the hopes and anxieties of the machine age whose factories, ships, and weaponry they fed. Extractive landscapes may represent “a triumph of human ingenuity and fortitude over the fickle reluctance of nature.
Historian of technology have expanded Mumford’s analysis by thinking about the ways in which the logics and spaces of extraction inform urbanization: technologies of surveying, lifting, and construction pioneered in mining become imported into the city; the rationalities of ecological simplification and radical abstraction that underpin geological science become a hallmark of urban design; and the dominance of “artificial means” epitomized by the mine come to characterize the experience of urban life.
One of the most influential natural extractions that highly affect urban conditions is oil refinery infrastructure. 3The development of petroleum-based technologies and infrastructures has produces significant changes in the build environment. The vast network of oil production, consumption, and administration has left its imprint on rural and urban landscapes around the world. For the extraction of petroleum, public and private oil companies have built gigantic and daring infrastructure and settlements in the northwestern Pennsylvanian hills, the Venezuelan jungle, the icy waters of the North Sea, and the deserts of the Arabian Peninsula. Local conditions have influenced drilling, storage, transportation, and refining facilities, yet globalized patterns of production and resale, the creation of human networks, and the deployment of the industry’s technological devices and procedures have formally and functionally linked the world’s oil related facilities.
From oil towns and transportation structures to oil headquarters and retail spaces, public and private oil companies intervene in architectural and urban design, spurring architects and artists to develop visionary buildings and new urban forms. The industrial landscape has also infiltrated visions of ordinary living space. Drilling towers and refinery structures inspired the aesthetics of the 1960s, notably the visions developed by Archigram for Walking Cities and Plug-in Buildings. While many of these proposals appeared to be unrealistic at the time of conception, contemporary metropolises have incorporated significant aspects of them in huge highways, interconnected buildings, adoptive infrastructure and among other built architecture.
Such restructuring of global oil networks has significantly influenced transportation infrastructure and the location of refineries, as well as the development and design of administrative buildings and housing complexes. For example British Petroleum (BP)4, in drilling in Iran shortly before World War 1. Along with the necessary technologies for exploiting the petroleum, oil companies brought into their countries of operation architectural and urban concepts such as the garden city, implemented to address social and ethic anxieties by setting up housing districts that separated expatriates from local workers The design for Abadan, a company town built under the Anglo-Persian Oil Company between 1910 and 1951, highlights how such colonial social structure is inscribe into urban from by combining spacious compounds for British expatriate workers with barrack like huts for locally recruited workers, as well as a locally administered town for nationals.
Along with technological development, the rapid rise of petroleum production and consumption influenced architectural and urban designs. The plan Voisin by Le Corbusier highlights such connections between the promotion of car transport and urban form; French automobile producer Gabriel Voisin had ask Le Corbusier for a proposal to transform the centre of Paris. The resulting visionary plan, with its giant high-rises and motorways, has inspired modernist urban design around the world. Other project by Le Corbusier similarly combined the new automobile with architectural and urban features, such as linear housing project topped by a highway, variations of which he proposed for Algiers, Buenos Aires, and other cities (1922-1965).
Parallel to the current crisis of oil, planers, politicians, engineers, and industrial leaders foresee a future of increasing demands for mobility combined with an unprecedented intensity of urbanization and a decaying transport infrastructure. Interconnected large-scale regional urbanities as well as contemporary energy concerns present thus an organizational and infrastructural challenge.
Rising petroleum costs, global warming, industrial countries, dependence on foreign oil, and the impending peaking of oil (if it has not already occurred) have led to first steps in rethinking energy sources5, which in turn may lead us to transform our landscapes and built environment. Such a vision would opportunistically combine the agendas of regional mobility and renewable energies with potential new urbanities cantered around the highway infrastructure, and connect existing urban centres and other modes of transport such as air, water and rail with critical resource supply and strategically differentiated economic clusters, reinforcing and supporting the divers spatial logistic of mega-regional agglomeration economics.
The site of refineries and petrochemical plants in this case –despite its imposing size and industrial concentration-represents only a single set of features contributing to a much more complex landscape strongly influenced these core activities. Early accounts describe how petroleum exploitation obliterated natural beauty and created alien landscapes dotted with technical devices.
The deployment of energy’s production and consumption geographies makes the most important question not “what is the absolute biophysical limit to energy?” but rather, “what are the social, political, and spatial implications of the next mode of energy, and how can design practices partake in shaping a more just urbanization? “Making visible the infrastructure, new modes of extracting energy from landscape would be an invitation to articulate a geographic future of energy through the designer’s tools and strategies.
Now design faces a new challenge with respect to the geographies of oil. Whether to meet geographical shifts in production and consumption or to embrace other modes of energy, Infrastructures of the age of oil are being abounded, demolished, and adapted to the reconfiguration of the energy age.
Numerous points spread across multiple subfields, including biogeography, geomorphology, and hydrology, as well as in practices such as urban planning and landscape ecology. The aim should provide some limited description of the emergence of the energetic landscape, of its general appearance as both scientific object and, perhaps now, as a space for design, by briefly retracing the historical formation of the concept of the urban within extreme geological condition.
For example BIK petrochemical port in north west of Persian Gulf illustrate how such oil refinery infrastructure demolished existing geomorphologic condition of the site and created such abounded boundary condition between extraction site (industrial) and natural landscape. Therefore I propose to reflect on the spatial conditions of oil and seek disciplinary linkages to position design’s agency amid contemporary concerns for energy infrastructure, ecology, and globalization.
Mobility and transportation system not as a means of distributive element in linear configuration, but rather as a productive infrastructure through different and vast typological conditions and along its way their traffic islands as a tool to extract energy from nature would be one the most important infrastructure for future urban developments. Also at the present, highways and railroads shows how transportation system is as important as oil refineries industry in which large-scale infrastructures becomes essential for the globe trade and transportation of the new commodity.
This conduit urbanism will catalyse intensification and new infrastructural architecture typologies through the upgrade of highway corridors combined with emerging system of renewable energy distribution, extraction, mass transit, and freight intelligence. The highways and traffic interchanges are arguably the single most instrumental factor in structuring settlement patterns and economic development.
As the system intensifies, the new typology of the multimodal transfer interchange and their traffic islands will become the key nodal type and a dominant productive mega-regional infrastructure. These Interchanges will be places where the highest-quality concentrations of natural resources are available. Each of the road-ramp interchanges along its length simply serves different programs and functions for loading and distributing resulted goods that affect changes in speed and direction. However, the architecture of each interchange renders an average blended topography to its surrounding context. These provide an ideal location for modal switch sites and terminal and interchange structures, as well as potential to house new typologies that will benefit from the proximity to the mobility and renewable energy conduit.
Such territories, ranging from vast field conditions to precisely defined nodal points which emerge as key points of friction and opportunity that will condition and define regions not as central economical organization but rather as vast field of productions that gathers housing complexes.
Sorting and redistribution sites will include classification of traffic islands and consolidation terminals for freight flows, as well as sites for intermodal interface with rail networks. Considering the surfacial requirements for desalination plants to creating fresh water pools for agricultural and cultivation purposes and intermodal redistribution, horizontal fields of logistics zones could develop alongside the interchanges and may span spaces between the new highways and high-speed rail system for another layer of distribution to other populated provinces.
We may lose our currents and rivers, but we will gain huge pools for water reservoirs … Water is beautiful in all its forms. We can even introduce small leisure boats on the lake to be sure; this is not the first time in the history of humankind that the natural beauty is sacrificed to social needs and the need to supply everyone with water and electricity.
The project contains practical and often especially legislative recommendations for repurposing the existing oil and gas platforms of the Gulf region. Among a variety of programs-such as desalination plats, aquatic centres and cultivated territories. The extraction industry has inadvertently produced an architectural framework for the cultivation of bespoke ecologies.
One of many points of critical interest in to “Eco industry” proposal is that this radical programmatic change would actually require an act of historic preservation, in this case, “preservation” would mean nothing less than rewriting the existing territorial laws of the site.
In many ways, I’m reminded again of Archigram’s Plug-In City, an idea first articulated by the group’s cofounder Peter Cook in 1964. Plug-In City envisioned a new type of architecture in which the spatially neutral provision of urban services, who have “plugged in”, to define the specific shape, structure, programme and style of the resulting city for themselves. In the case of “Eco industry”, modular interchanges will plug where a needs of traffic island require for natural extraction thus would create what i might call a Plug-in “Eco industry”.
The future of urbanization is inseparable from the future of energy.
Oxford Geographical and environmental Studies / Social Power and Urbanization of Water / Erik Swyngedouw / 2004
The Architecture of Emergence / Michael Weinstock / 2010
New Geography 02 / Landscape of energy / 2010
Cities and complexities / Michael Batty / 2005
The BLDG BLOG / Geoff Manaugh / 2009
Mississippi Floods / Anuradha Mathur / Dilip da Cunha / 2001
Aeschylus, Prometheus Bound / James Scully and C.J Herington (Oxford University Press 1975)
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